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Learning and teaching with drones (dronagogy)



Learning and teaching with drones could help teachers to provide scaffolding to learners and open new possibilities of observation, measurement, and experimentation. Drones offer opportunities but also challenges for teachers. With drones supporting teaching, human teachers will need to reflect and adjust their capabilities and roles to maximise the benefits while minimising the detriments of learning and teaching with drones. Human teachers will need training to use drones (in and) outside the classroom. (For example, learning with drones is being used to support fieldwork by enhancing students’ capability to explore outdoor physical environments.) This should be informed by research on pedagogies including drone technologies and applications (dronagogy).


Literature e.g.,

Sharples, M., de Roock , R., Ferguson, R., Gaved, M., Herodotou, C., Koh, E., Kukulska-Hulme, A., Looi, C-K, McAndrew, P., Rienties, B., Weller, M., Wong, L. H. (2016). Innovating Pedagogy 2016: Open University Innovation Report 5. Milton Keynes: The Open University.

Herodotou, C., Sharples, M., Gaved, M., Kukuluska-Hulme, A., Rienties, B., Scanlon, E. & Whitelock, D., 2019, Innovative pedagogies of the future: an evidence-based selection. Frontiers in Education, 4, Article 113.

Khazaee, K. Lynch (2015) Evaluating Drones for Higher Education. EDUCAUSE Review, Sept. 28, 2015.

Floreano, R.J. Wood (2015) Science, technology and the future of small autonomous drones. Nature, May 2015; 521(7553):460.

Norman, N. Nordin, M.A. Embi, H. Zaini, M. Ally (2018) A Framework of Drone-based Learning (Dronagogy) for Higher Education in the Fourth Industrial Revolution. International Journal of Engineering & Technology, 7 (3.14), pp. 1-6

P.N. Chou (2018) Smart Technology for Sustainable Curriculum: Using Drone to Support Young Students’ Learning. Sustainability, 10, 3819;

Kuzma1, A. Robinson, K. Dobson3, J Law (2018) Practical Pedagogy for Embedding Drone Technology into a Business and Computing Curriculum. Journal of Education and Human Development September, 7(3), pp. 1-9;

W.S. Ng, G. Cheng (2019) Integrating drone technology in STEM education: A case study to as-sess teachers’ readiness and training needs. Issues in Informing Science and Information Technology, 16, pp. 61-70;

M.M. Bolick, E.A. Mikhailova, C.J. Post, (2022) Teaching Innovation in STEM Education Using an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV). Education Sciences, 12, 224 (18 p.);