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Learning Management Systems (LMSs)


A learning management system (LMS) is a software application for the delivery, tracking, reporting, automation, documentation, and administration of educational courses, training programs, or learning and development programs.

The introduction of LMSs dates back as early as the late 1990s. The usage of LMSs has increased due to the emphasis on remote teaching and learning during the COVID-19 pandemic.

LMSs act as a platform for online content, including courses, both asynchronous based and synchronous based. Thus, LMSs focus on online learning delivery but support a range of uses.

In higher education, an LMS may offer classroom management for instructor-led training or a flipped classroom.

Modern LMSs include intelligent algorithms to make automated recommendations for courses based on a user’s skill profile as well as extract metadata from learning materials to make such recommendations even more accurate.

LMSs may help to identify training and learning gaps, using analytical data, and reporting.


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M. Dindar, A. Suorsa, J. Hermes, P. Karppinen, P. Näykki (2021). Comparing technology acceptance of K-12 teachers with and without prior experience of learning management systems: A Covid-19 pandemic study. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning. 37 (6): 1553–1565;